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(Meta) "Risk the pain. It is your nature." - Buffy's character development over the series

24th September 2008 (19:59)
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When I read other people's comments and reviews of Buffy seasons, there's one particular complaint I see quite often, which honestly baffles me. Paraphrased, it boils down to "Buffy shows character flaws this season, just like she did in previous seasons, which is boring". Occasionally there's a variant, such as "Buffy is behaving exactly like she did in a previous season. This is lazy writing." Or sometimes, "Buffy is behaving completely differently to how she did in a previous season. This is lazy writing."

And so, after pulling my head off my desk and peeling my palm away from my face, I decided to write this. It's a season-by-season analysis of Buffy's character arc, aimed at showing how she develops from year to year, and how each season builds on the previous one.


Risk the pain. It is your nature.


Season 1: Rejection of responsibility

Buffy wishes she wasn't the Slayer. She hates the way it interferes with her attempts to lead a normal life and have fun with her friends. She would much rather pass the buck and let someone else do the Slaying. In the first episode, she claims to be retired; in the last she announces that she quits; and in between she asks Giles why he can't do it all instead of her.

Effect on her romantic life: When she tries to go on dates with cute boys, Slaying always gets in the way. Even Clark Kent had it better than this.

Resolution: When she goes to kill the Master even knowing she's walking to her death, she finally accepts her responsibilities in full.

"It wasn't our world anymore. They made it theirs. And they had fun. What are we gonna do?"
"What we have to."


Season 2: Resentment of destiny

Buffy has now resigned herself to being the Slayer, but she sees still it as something imposed on her from outside. She hates what it does to her life, and spends a lot of this season sulking and pouting. Magic and the supernatural are usually shown as an external force that intervenes and tries to ruin your life - just ask Ampata or Oz, let alone Angel.

Effect on her romantic life: The great love of her life is ruined by a stupid gypsy curse. Being the Slayer sucks.

Resolution: When she accepts that the strength that comes from being the Slayer is a fundamental part of her that no external force can take away.

"That's everything, huh? No weapons, no friends. No hope. Take all that away and what's left?"
"Me."


Season 3: Rebellion against the rules

Buffy no longer questions her destiny as the Slayer; she even starts to enjoy the power it brings her. However, she feels oppressed by the burden of expectations that other people place on her because of it. So many of this season's stories revolve around authority figures and their attempts to control Buffy's activities - starting with 'Anne' onwards. The Mayor himself is a powerful government official; there's the Watchers' Council, Ms Post and Wesley; there's Principal Snyder; even Giles and Joyce are trying to regiment Buffy's life. As for her, part of her longs to rebel against it all. To revel in the benefits of being a Slayer, just like Faith does. However, her innate sense of responsibility eventually drives her to reject the more nihilistic and selfish side of Faith's approach to Slaying.

Effect on her romantic life: She still wants the romantic dream and a white wedding, but she's embarrassed to discover that the idea of wanting, taking and having turns her on as well.

Resolution: When she rejects both empty rebellion and blind obedience, and determines to forge her own path to the things she believes in. It's no coincidence that the final episode of the season is called 'Graduation Day'.

"Buffy, they're very firm. We're talking about laws that have existed longer than civilisation."
"I'm talking about watching my lover die. I have no clue what you're talking about and I do not care."
"The Council's orders are to --"
"Orders? I don't think I'm gonna be taking any more orders. Not from you. Not from them."


Season 4: Search for identity

Buffy may be determined to lead her own life, but she's still questioning exactly what form it should take. She's an adult now, away from the guidance of parent and Watcher, and she's feeling cast adrift, unsure what sort of a future she really wants. This season's antagonists are a roll-call of people pretending to be something they're not, faking their identity or stealing somebody else's: Kathy, Parker, Riley, Professor Walsh, Veruca, Tara, Faith, Giles (in 'A New Man'), Jonathan... while Adam by contrast is unnaturally certain of his own identity and place in life. Which direction will Buffy choose? (Note: I've written about all this in more detail here.)

Effect on her romantic life: Does she want a nice, normal man to be her safe, unthreatening boyfriend - or a cool monster hunter to be her comrade in arms? She can't decide,which kind of sucks for the guy...

Resolution: When she accepts that she's the Slayer, but not *just* the Slayer. It doesn't mean that she has to be alone; her friends and family are an essential part of her identity, and it's possible to combine the mundane and the supernatural parts of her life.

"The Slayer does not walk in the world."
"I walk. I talk. I shop. I sneeze. I'm gonna be a fireman when the floods roll back. There's trees in the desert since you moved out, and I don't sleep on a bed of bones. Now give me back my friends!"


Season 5: Death is your gift

Having decided that family and friends are what matters in her life, Buffy now has to face the downside: that opening herself up to others makes her vulnerable. Family can cause problems; family can be taken away from you. There's another, deeper fear, going back to Angel's death but given new strength when Riley leaves and Buffy suspects Glory is behind her mother's illness: that she herself drives people away. That being the Slayer makes her incapable of keeping the relationships she now knows are so important to her; that she is a dangerous person to get close to.

Effect on her romantic life: She pretty much gives up on romance this season. She wants to be self-sufficient, and to concentrate on looking after her family, and perhaps she's afraid of the consequences.

Resolution: When she decides that even if she can't live a normal life in the world, she can still use her Slayer gifts to protect and benefit her loved ones, one last time.

"Dawn, listen to me. Listen. I love you. I'll always love you. But this is the work I have to do. Tell Giles I... I figured it out. And I'm okay. Give my love to my friends. You have to take care of them now -- you have to take care of each other. You have to be strong. Dawn. The hardest thing in this world is to live in it. Be brave. Live. For me."

(Some people think 'The Gift' was the perfect ending for the series. I think it's exactly the wrong ending, which is why I'm so pleased it wasn't. Buffy decided that she couldn't be part of the world; that her heroic death was the best gift she could give her sister. If the hardest thing in this world is to live in it, Buffy failed that test. Luckily, thanks to Willow, she would have the chance to take a re-sit. In terms of Joseph Campbell's theories, 'The Gift' only marks the end of the second stage of Buffy's initiation as a hero; she still must face the Return From Death. Quite literally, in her case.)


Season 6: Life is the Big Bad

Heroic deaths are fine in fairy tales; in mundane reality, life goes on and there are always consequences. Buffy thought she could best help her friends by her self-sacrifice, by not being part of their lives anymore; but her friends disagree. Coupled with her clinical depression after being torn from heaven, Buffy now finds herself hating and rejecting everything in her life. And because she feels guilty about this, her sense of responsibility only leads to greater self-loathing.

Effect on her romantic life: Buffy turns to Spike because he's as far away from everything in her previous life as she can get. With him, she can forget whom she used to be for a time. Of course, this only feeds her self-disgust and need to punish herself more.

Resolution: When she realises that her life is worth living after all. That she can enjoy the company of her friends and her sister, and that there are things she wants to do to help them that don't involve her dying for them.

"Things have sucked lately, but it's all gonna change - and I want to be there when it does. I want to see my friends happy again. And I want to see you grow up. The woman you're going to become...Because she's going to be beautiful. And she's going to be powerful. I got it so wrong. I don't want to protect you from the world - I want to show it to you."


Season 7: It's about power

Buffy has re-engaged with her life. She's confident in her own power and identity as the Slayer, she's on good terms with her friends again. But that's all put to the test when she's landed with personal responsibility for other people's lives. With no training or experience - and very little support - she has to learn how to lead an 'army' of unwilling and scared teenage girls against an apparently unbeatable foe. So she makes mistakes. She cuts herself off emotionally to avoid being hurt by their inevitable deaths. She becomes hardened and ruthless, because she thinks it's the only way to win.

Effect on her romantic life: Buffy's ruthless pragmatism leads her to accept help from the man who recently almost raped her. While she eventually does come to trust Spike again and to rely on him, this only points up her self-isolation from her other friends and allies.

Resolution: When she accepts that she can't do everything herself, and that to lead other people successfully she has to trust them. She empowers the other Potentials, giving them the strength to make their own independent decisions and take control over their own destinies - which in turn, frees her to take control of her own.

"I hate this. I hate being here. I hate that you have to be here. I hate that there's evil, and that I was chosen to fight it. I wish, a whole lot of the time, that I hadn't been. I know a lot of you wish I hadn't been either. But this isn't about wishes. This is about choices. I believe we can beat this evil. Not when it comes, not when its army is ready. Now.

"Tomorrow morning I'm opening the Seal. I'm going down into the Hellmouth, and I'm finishing this once and for all. Right now you're asking yourself, 'What makes this different? What makes us anything more than a bunch of girls being picked off one by one?' It's true none of you have the power that Faith and I do. So here's the part where you make a choice.

"What if you could have that power...now? In every generation, one Slayer is born... because a bunch of men who died thousands of years ago made up that rule. They were powerful men. This woman is more powerful than all of them combined. So I say we change the rule. I say my power should be our power. Tomorrow, Willow will use the essence of the Scythe to change our destiny. From now on, every girl in the world who might be a Slayer, will be a Slayer. Every girl who could have the power, will have the power. Can stand up, will stand up.  Slayers... every one of us.

"Make your choice. Are you ready to be strong?"


Season 8: She's the general, we're the army

Buffy has learned to share her power and matured into an effective leader. She cares about the welfare of her followers, and in return they view her with a devotion bordering on hero-worship. But that brings its own dangers; Buffy is so focussed on her responsibility to the Slayers she leads she's becoming blinded to other concerns. Because she's convinced of their righteousness, she's coming to believe that anything that threatens her Slayers is bad, and anything that benefits them is good. She's never exactly shied away from ruthless acts or criminal behaviour if she believes it's necessary for the greater good; but now that she commands a loyal and well-equipped army of teenage superheroes, the stakes are far higher. When you're focussed on the big picture you don't care about the individual pixels.

Effect on her romantic life: Buffy is so distanced now from normal everyday people, and so intensely focussed on her responsibilities, that the only person she has room to form a romantic relationship with is a fellow-Slayer.

Resolution: We don't know yet.

"Here's the thing. She's alone. She's vulnerable. And she has the weight of the world on her slender shoulders. [...] You need to remember... she's not like us. She's the general. We're the army. And that's never gonna change. Also, she's not, you know..."
"A dyke?"
"I was gonna say 'friend of Sappho', but okay, whatever the kids are saying these days, I'm hip, I'm with it."

 


In conclusion, I think that Buffy's character shows a steady growth and progression over the seasons, with each development building firmly on those that came before. Of course, some things are consistent in Buffy's personality. She has a huge sense of responsibility; she may resent her duty sometimes, feel the urge to rebel against it, but in the end she'll always do what she thinks is right. She is not afraid to break the rules in order to win. She loves her family and friends, but also feels separated from them by the weight of her destiny.

And she tends to feel that the world and all its problems revolve around her - but considering that the world she lives in is usually called the Buffyverse, she may actually be correct in that belief...

 

Comments

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 28th September 2008 12:05 (UTC)

have you watched Torchwood?

Sure have. Any particular similarity you're thinking of? :-)

Posted by: Mrs Darcy (elisi)
Posted at: 28th September 2008 18:52 (UTC)
Janto Unspoken by mukhy0

Not any similarity, no. ;)

What I *have* thought of though, is characterisation, partly because in 'Adam' the solution of the story comes out of Ianto's OOCness and Jack's blank refusal to believe in it, despite everything. I *adored* that episode for that reason - that it played with how much you could change people and keeping them the same. Gwen, Tosh and Owen were still fundamentally the same (like Buffy, Angel, Giles etc in the Wish-verse, they'd just been sent down different paths), but Ianto had something completely alien (pardon the pun) forced on him, and it showed.

Torchwood has its flaws (in other news: the sky is blue and water is wet), but (most of the time) it does brilliant character stuff. s8 seems to me to be the opposite - lots of great intricate plottiness, but happily sacrificing the characters so they'll fit. I mean - Xander/Dracula is hilarious, but (to this little fan at least) as OOC as Ianto the evil killer.

Lord I hope that makes sense - I think I've been breathing too many paint fumes today and my brain is all foggy.

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 28th September 2008 21:04 (UTC)

Good example, that's a great episode (by TW standards, haha).

I'm trying to come up with a Buffyverse example, and I'm coming up all "Carpe Noctem"...

CORDELIA: What? This is totally like him. Doing the mystery dance with some cheap blonde...
FRED: Brunette. She was a cheap brunette.
CORDELIA: You're right. This isn't like him.


Though it makes me wonder what would have happened if, for instance, it had never been made clear that Cassie in "Conversations with Dead People" was an impostor. I'm sure you could find some Tara quote that's ambiguous enough so people would still be arguing that it's perfectly in character for her to want Willow to kill herself... ;-)

Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 17th October 2008 20:14 (UTC)

I mean - Xander/Dracula is hilarious, but (to this little fan at least) as OOC as Ianto the evil killer.

It wasn't to me. And many S8 fans who take time to think how it happened *winks*

That's not so hard to fit into canon. Dracula had kidnapped Xander and put him under his thrall (Like Buffy vs. Dracula) Xander stayed with Dracula for months (because he was under Dracula's thrall), in which Dracula grew attached to him, until Buffy saved Xander. When Dracula was needed, notice how Xander looked annoyed and upset, he didn't want to interact with Dracula again. He brought Renee with him to keep him on his feet, sadly he slips one time after another at the presence of Dracula until Renee snaps him out of it. From the looks of it, Xander doesn't seem to care much about Dracula while Dracula is obviously very attached to Xander. Even the last scene between them shows how much Xander resents Dracula's way of treating him, like a slave/manservant. In fact, the last scene is the best resolution to Xander's speech in Buffy vs Dracula where Xander got to stand up to Dracula, a great ending to his Butt-Monkey arc with Dracula.

The "gay love" here is obviously one sided: from Dracula's side. Xander, as it shown in Wolves at the Gate, isn't that interested in Dracula at all. Only went to him when the mission needed him.

That's how I've been seeing this arc. And it sounds pretty much so canon to me and not that hard to picture. But I can see why fans are having a hard time with it: they actually did the stupid thing of believing Andrew's tale while there's so much evidence that Andrew doesn't know jack about the real story. :)

Posted by: Mrs Darcy (elisi)
Posted at: 17th October 2008 20:27 (UTC)
Daleks: Explain! by dana_cz

I don't actually have a problem with any of that as such. What I can't believe for a second is Buffy *allowing* Xander (or anyone) to remain kidnapped (and enthralled) for months on end.

Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 10:48 (UTC)

I think she didn't know Xander was with Dracula. I don't really remember that comic where Buffy saved Xander from Dracula, but it seemed she went there the second she knew where he was.

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 17th October 2008 23:59 (UTC)

They actually did the stupid thing of believing Andrew's tale

And other people did the stupid thing of believing the skinless thing in #4 when it claimed to be Warren, even though it obviously can't be. ;-)

Posted by: sueworld2003 (sueworld2003)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 00:39 (UTC)
Capt Jack seriously?!!

"And other people did the stupid thing of believing the skinless thing in #4 when it claimed to be Warren, even though it obviously can't be. ;-)"

Yeah, I mean honestly! *g*

Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 10:51 (UTC)

While I hated the whole Warren thing, I can fanwank it like we had fanwanked all the errors that happened on the show. Since Warren had said that "Bored now" was the last thing he heard when he was human, it can be said that he died. And now he's not human, 'cause no human can survive living skinless. It's obviously magic. He's kinda like Buffy who died for minutes in PG and came back.

Posted by: StephenT (stormwreath)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 10:56 (UTC)
TLWH-monsters

It's not a fanwank that Warren died and was brought back to life by Amy's magic; it's official canon direct from the mouth of Joss Whedon himself.

Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 11:04 (UTC)

I remember him saying that he made a mistake, which I actually respect. But as you said, it's obvious that Warren had died. I didn't need Joss' explanation to see it. Warren did say last word I heard in my human days.

Posted by: sueworld2003 (sueworld2003)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 20:52 (UTC)
Capt Jack seriously?!!

Even though it absolutly makes no sense, and that Joss admitted it was a mistake?

Posted by: StephenT (stormwreath)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 21:50 (UTC)

Posted by: sueworld2003 (sueworld2003)
Posted at: 19th October 2008 08:45 (UTC)

Posted by: StephenT (stormwreath)
Posted at: 19th October 2008 19:42 (UTC)

Posted by: sueworld2003 (sueworld2003)
Posted at: 19th October 2008 19:59 (UTC)

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 11:08 (UTC)

What I meant to say was: why is it OK to say about that particular plot point that it's so unbelievable that not only didn't it happen and we're free to make up our own story, but that anyone who actually takes the text at face value is stupid? Who's to say we can't do the same with every single plot point that we consider unbelievable?

You say Xander would never do that (with which I agree, btw) despite the fact that the text clearly says he did, and that other fans seem to think it's believable. Now, let's assume someone else says, for example, that Buffy wouldn't become an international supervillain willing to sacrifice people to maintain her power, and therefore it obviously didn't happen no matter what the text says - make up your own story of what the real Buffy is doing. How is that different?

Slippery slope and all that, I know...

Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 11:32 (UTC)

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 11:55 (UTC)

Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 12:13 (UTC)

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 12:26 (UTC)

Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 15:02 (UTC)

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 19th October 2008 11:18 (UTC)

Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 20th October 2008 10:58 (UTC)

Posted by: StephenT (stormwreath)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 12:28 (UTC)

Posted by: StephenT (stormwreath)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 12:23 (UTC)

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 12:52 (UTC)

Posted by: StephenT (stormwreath)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 16:33 (UTC)

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 19th October 2008 11:06 (UTC)

Posted by: StephenT (stormwreath)
Posted at: 19th October 2008 19:16 (UTC)

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 20th October 2008 17:25 (UTC)

Posted by: ((Anonymous))
Posted at: 19th October 2008 17:31 (UTC)

Posted by: sueworld2003 (sueworld2003)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 20:58 (UTC)

Posted by: StephenT (stormwreath)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 08:25 (UTC)

It could be that Dracula kidnapped Xander, but personally I think it was more that Xander had something of a deathwish.

I can imagine that with Buffy and Willow zooming all over the world looking for Slayers and trying to get things organised, Xander might feel sidelined and ignored. However, it's not in his personality to want to impose on his friends when they had such important matters to concern them, so he just quietly removed himself from their presence.

Xander going to Dracula and falling under his thrall for six months is the mystical metaphor (remember them? A 'Buffy' staple?) for someone reacting to grief by crawling inside a bottle of whiskey. He lost himself for six months in a drunken haze. Buffy, by contrast, seems to have reacted to her own grief a different way, by throwing herself obsessively into her work.

I also think that Buffy rescued Xander as soon as she realised what had happened to him... but due to her self-absorption and distractions, it took a while for her even to realise that Xander had vanished rather than just going off on his own and leaving the phone off the hook, and then even longer to find him. I assume Dracula has mystical wards around his castle to stop locator spells from working...

Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 11:00 (UTC)

It could be that Dracula kidnapped Xander, but personally I think it was more that Xander had something of a deathwish.

This could be true. But I guess seeing Xander's less than excited expression to see Dracula (feeling upset and ashamed) tells me that he didn't go to him on his free will before. That's the impression I got, but yours could work. What's interesting here is that we can all have our version of how it happened. Just don't believe Andrew. *grin*

I also think that Buffy rescued Xander as soon as she realised what had happened to him... but due to her self-absorption and distractions, it took a while for her even to realise that Xander had vanished rather than just going off on his own and leaving the phone off the hook, and then even longer to find him. I assume Dracula has mystical wards around his castle to stop locator spells from working...

I think to escape the pain of losing Anya, Xander had decided to distract himself with work, just like Buffy, he went from place to place searching for slayers until he was at Transylvania where Dracula had kidnapped him. When noticing that Xander's phones to him had stopped for months, Buffy realized that he must have been in trouble and then they tried their best to find him. Good point about locator spells not being helpful.

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