Log in

No account? Create an account
StephenT [userpic]

(Meta) "Risk the pain. It is your nature." - Buffy's character development over the series

24th September 2008 (19:59)
Tags: ,

When I read other people's comments and reviews of Buffy seasons, there's one particular complaint I see quite often, which honestly baffles me. Paraphrased, it boils down to "Buffy shows character flaws this season, just like she did in previous seasons, which is boring". Occasionally there's a variant, such as "Buffy is behaving exactly like she did in a previous season. This is lazy writing." Or sometimes, "Buffy is behaving completely differently to how she did in a previous season. This is lazy writing."

And so, after pulling my head off my desk and peeling my palm away from my face, I decided to write this. It's a season-by-season analysis of Buffy's character arc, aimed at showing how she develops from year to year, and how each season builds on the previous one.

Risk the pain. It is your nature.

Season 1: Rejection of responsibility

Buffy wishes she wasn't the Slayer. She hates the way it interferes with her attempts to lead a normal life and have fun with her friends. She would much rather pass the buck and let someone else do the Slaying. In the first episode, she claims to be retired; in the last she announces that she quits; and in between she asks Giles why he can't do it all instead of her.

Effect on her romantic life: When she tries to go on dates with cute boys, Slaying always gets in the way. Even Clark Kent had it better than this.

Resolution: When she goes to kill the Master even knowing she's walking to her death, she finally accepts her responsibilities in full.

"It wasn't our world anymore. They made it theirs. And they had fun. What are we gonna do?"
"What we have to."

Season 2: Resentment of destiny

Buffy has now resigned herself to being the Slayer, but she sees still it as something imposed on her from outside. She hates what it does to her life, and spends a lot of this season sulking and pouting. Magic and the supernatural are usually shown as an external force that intervenes and tries to ruin your life - just ask Ampata or Oz, let alone Angel.

Effect on her romantic life: The great love of her life is ruined by a stupid gypsy curse. Being the Slayer sucks.

Resolution: When she accepts that the strength that comes from being the Slayer is a fundamental part of her that no external force can take away.

"That's everything, huh? No weapons, no friends. No hope. Take all that away and what's left?"

Season 3: Rebellion against the rules

Buffy no longer questions her destiny as the Slayer; she even starts to enjoy the power it brings her. However, she feels oppressed by the burden of expectations that other people place on her because of it. So many of this season's stories revolve around authority figures and their attempts to control Buffy's activities - starting with 'Anne' onwards. The Mayor himself is a powerful government official; there's the Watchers' Council, Ms Post and Wesley; there's Principal Snyder; even Giles and Joyce are trying to regiment Buffy's life. As for her, part of her longs to rebel against it all. To revel in the benefits of being a Slayer, just like Faith does. However, her innate sense of responsibility eventually drives her to reject the more nihilistic and selfish side of Faith's approach to Slaying.

Effect on her romantic life: She still wants the romantic dream and a white wedding, but she's embarrassed to discover that the idea of wanting, taking and having turns her on as well.

Resolution: When she rejects both empty rebellion and blind obedience, and determines to forge her own path to the things she believes in. It's no coincidence that the final episode of the season is called 'Graduation Day'.

"Buffy, they're very firm. We're talking about laws that have existed longer than civilisation."
"I'm talking about watching my lover die. I have no clue what you're talking about and I do not care."
"The Council's orders are to --"
"Orders? I don't think I'm gonna be taking any more orders. Not from you. Not from them."

Season 4: Search for identity

Buffy may be determined to lead her own life, but she's still questioning exactly what form it should take. She's an adult now, away from the guidance of parent and Watcher, and she's feeling cast adrift, unsure what sort of a future she really wants. This season's antagonists are a roll-call of people pretending to be something they're not, faking their identity or stealing somebody else's: Kathy, Parker, Riley, Professor Walsh, Veruca, Tara, Faith, Giles (in 'A New Man'), Jonathan... while Adam by contrast is unnaturally certain of his own identity and place in life. Which direction will Buffy choose? (Note: I've written about all this in more detail here.)

Effect on her romantic life: Does she want a nice, normal man to be her safe, unthreatening boyfriend - or a cool monster hunter to be her comrade in arms? She can't decide,which kind of sucks for the guy...

Resolution: When she accepts that she's the Slayer, but not *just* the Slayer. It doesn't mean that she has to be alone; her friends and family are an essential part of her identity, and it's possible to combine the mundane and the supernatural parts of her life.

"The Slayer does not walk in the world."
"I walk. I talk. I shop. I sneeze. I'm gonna be a fireman when the floods roll back. There's trees in the desert since you moved out, and I don't sleep on a bed of bones. Now give me back my friends!"

Season 5: Death is your gift

Having decided that family and friends are what matters in her life, Buffy now has to face the downside: that opening herself up to others makes her vulnerable. Family can cause problems; family can be taken away from you. There's another, deeper fear, going back to Angel's death but given new strength when Riley leaves and Buffy suspects Glory is behind her mother's illness: that she herself drives people away. That being the Slayer makes her incapable of keeping the relationships she now knows are so important to her; that she is a dangerous person to get close to.

Effect on her romantic life: She pretty much gives up on romance this season. She wants to be self-sufficient, and to concentrate on looking after her family, and perhaps she's afraid of the consequences.

Resolution: When she decides that even if she can't live a normal life in the world, she can still use her Slayer gifts to protect and benefit her loved ones, one last time.

"Dawn, listen to me. Listen. I love you. I'll always love you. But this is the work I have to do. Tell Giles I... I figured it out. And I'm okay. Give my love to my friends. You have to take care of them now -- you have to take care of each other. You have to be strong. Dawn. The hardest thing in this world is to live in it. Be brave. Live. For me."

(Some people think 'The Gift' was the perfect ending for the series. I think it's exactly the wrong ending, which is why I'm so pleased it wasn't. Buffy decided that she couldn't be part of the world; that her heroic death was the best gift she could give her sister. If the hardest thing in this world is to live in it, Buffy failed that test. Luckily, thanks to Willow, she would have the chance to take a re-sit. In terms of Joseph Campbell's theories, 'The Gift' only marks the end of the second stage of Buffy's initiation as a hero; she still must face the Return From Death. Quite literally, in her case.)

Season 6: Life is the Big Bad

Heroic deaths are fine in fairy tales; in mundane reality, life goes on and there are always consequences. Buffy thought she could best help her friends by her self-sacrifice, by not being part of their lives anymore; but her friends disagree. Coupled with her clinical depression after being torn from heaven, Buffy now finds herself hating and rejecting everything in her life. And because she feels guilty about this, her sense of responsibility only leads to greater self-loathing.

Effect on her romantic life: Buffy turns to Spike because he's as far away from everything in her previous life as she can get. With him, she can forget whom she used to be for a time. Of course, this only feeds her self-disgust and need to punish herself more.

Resolution: When she realises that her life is worth living after all. That she can enjoy the company of her friends and her sister, and that there are things she wants to do to help them that don't involve her dying for them.

"Things have sucked lately, but it's all gonna change - and I want to be there when it does. I want to see my friends happy again. And I want to see you grow up. The woman you're going to become...Because she's going to be beautiful. And she's going to be powerful. I got it so wrong. I don't want to protect you from the world - I want to show it to you."

Season 7: It's about power

Buffy has re-engaged with her life. She's confident in her own power and identity as the Slayer, she's on good terms with her friends again. But that's all put to the test when she's landed with personal responsibility for other people's lives. With no training or experience - and very little support - she has to learn how to lead an 'army' of unwilling and scared teenage girls against an apparently unbeatable foe. So she makes mistakes. She cuts herself off emotionally to avoid being hurt by their inevitable deaths. She becomes hardened and ruthless, because she thinks it's the only way to win.

Effect on her romantic life: Buffy's ruthless pragmatism leads her to accept help from the man who recently almost raped her. While she eventually does come to trust Spike again and to rely on him, this only points up her self-isolation from her other friends and allies.

Resolution: When she accepts that she can't do everything herself, and that to lead other people successfully she has to trust them. She empowers the other Potentials, giving them the strength to make their own independent decisions and take control over their own destinies - which in turn, frees her to take control of her own.

"I hate this. I hate being here. I hate that you have to be here. I hate that there's evil, and that I was chosen to fight it. I wish, a whole lot of the time, that I hadn't been. I know a lot of you wish I hadn't been either. But this isn't about wishes. This is about choices. I believe we can beat this evil. Not when it comes, not when its army is ready. Now.

"Tomorrow morning I'm opening the Seal. I'm going down into the Hellmouth, and I'm finishing this once and for all. Right now you're asking yourself, 'What makes this different? What makes us anything more than a bunch of girls being picked off one by one?' It's true none of you have the power that Faith and I do. So here's the part where you make a choice.

"What if you could have that power...now? In every generation, one Slayer is born... because a bunch of men who died thousands of years ago made up that rule. They were powerful men. This woman is more powerful than all of them combined. So I say we change the rule. I say my power should be our power. Tomorrow, Willow will use the essence of the Scythe to change our destiny. From now on, every girl in the world who might be a Slayer, will be a Slayer. Every girl who could have the power, will have the power. Can stand up, will stand up.  Slayers... every one of us.

"Make your choice. Are you ready to be strong?"

Season 8: She's the general, we're the army

Buffy has learned to share her power and matured into an effective leader. She cares about the welfare of her followers, and in return they view her with a devotion bordering on hero-worship. But that brings its own dangers; Buffy is so focussed on her responsibility to the Slayers she leads she's becoming blinded to other concerns. Because she's convinced of their righteousness, she's coming to believe that anything that threatens her Slayers is bad, and anything that benefits them is good. She's never exactly shied away from ruthless acts or criminal behaviour if she believes it's necessary for the greater good; but now that she commands a loyal and well-equipped army of teenage superheroes, the stakes are far higher. When you're focussed on the big picture you don't care about the individual pixels.

Effect on her romantic life: Buffy is so distanced now from normal everyday people, and so intensely focussed on her responsibilities, that the only person she has room to form a romantic relationship with is a fellow-Slayer.

Resolution: We don't know yet.

"Here's the thing. She's alone. She's vulnerable. And she has the weight of the world on her slender shoulders. [...] You need to remember... she's not like us. She's the general. We're the army. And that's never gonna change. Also, she's not, you know..."
"A dyke?"
"I was gonna say 'friend of Sappho', but okay, whatever the kids are saying these days, I'm hip, I'm with it."


In conclusion, I think that Buffy's character shows a steady growth and progression over the seasons, with each development building firmly on those that came before. Of course, some things are consistent in Buffy's personality. She has a huge sense of responsibility; she may resent her duty sometimes, feel the urge to rebel against it, but in the end she'll always do what she thinks is right. She is not afraid to break the rules in order to win. She loves her family and friends, but also feels separated from them by the weight of her destiny.

And she tends to feel that the world and all its problems revolve around her - but considering that the world she lives in is usually called the Buffyverse, she may actually be correct in that belief...



Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 10:51 (UTC)

While I hated the whole Warren thing, I can fanwank it like we had fanwanked all the errors that happened on the show. Since Warren had said that "Bored now" was the last thing he heard when he was human, it can be said that he died. And now he's not human, 'cause no human can survive living skinless. It's obviously magic. He's kinda like Buffy who died for minutes in PG and came back.

Posted by: StephenT (stormwreath)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 10:56 (UTC)

It's not a fanwank that Warren died and was brought back to life by Amy's magic; it's official canon direct from the mouth of Joss Whedon himself.

Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 11:04 (UTC)

I remember him saying that he made a mistake, which I actually respect. But as you said, it's obvious that Warren had died. I didn't need Joss' explanation to see it. Warren did say last word I heard in my human days.

Posted by: sueworld2003 (sueworld2003)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 20:52 (UTC)
Capt Jack seriously?!!

Even though it absolutly makes no sense, and that Joss admitted it was a mistake?

Posted by: StephenT (stormwreath)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 21:50 (UTC)

Sorry, but I'm not really seeing how it 'makes no sense'. I'm not saying it makes huge amounts of sense, I'll grant you that, but none of it is impossible. ;-)

We know it's magically possible to teleport people, because Willow and Tara were doing it as early as Season 5. We know resurrection is possible; even Dawn was able to bring her mother back from the grave in 'Forever'. We know from 'The Killer In Me' that Amy has some way of spying on the Scooby gang without being detected, because she knew Kennedy was a Potential. There's nothing in what Amy did that is beyond the capabilities of a powerful witch, as demonstrated on the show.

Joss's only mistake was forgetting that The First's appearance as Warren meant that Warren would need to have been dead at some point between Willow skinning him and his appearance in 'The Long Way Home'. So Joss fixed that in two sentences by agreeing that yes, Warren was indeed dead for 'like a second' until Amy bropught him back. Problem solved: all canon conflicts resolved.

Posted by: sueworld2003 (sueworld2003)
Posted at: 19th October 2008 08:45 (UTC)

Sorry it still sounds to my ears as utterly, utterly stupid. For a start where exactly was Amy again when Warren was skinned? and to do it so, so quickly just doesn't work for me at least.

For my mind the biggest problem that I have with this idea is that it badly undermines what Wilow did in season 6 and if I took these comics at all seriously (which as you already know I don't *g*) it would be in danger of lessoning the impact of that scene and Willows story arc/progression as a character.

To have Joss then come right out and say he cocked up just adds to that feeling of 'WTF'. :0

Posted by: StephenT (stormwreath)
Posted at: 19th October 2008 19:42 (UTC)

where exactly was Amy again when Warren was skinned?

Presumably, the same place she was when she saw Kennedy and Willow chatting and flirting in Buffy's house and going on a date together to the Bronze. My personal guess is that she has a magical scrying crystal or something of the sort, and she uses it obsessively to spy on Willow.

it badly undermines what Willow did in season 6

I'm afraid I've never understood this objection. Willow sewed up Warren's mouth, pushed a bullet into his chest then ripped his skin off. None of that is changed by Amy stepping in; the only difference is that instead of Warren being safely dead and forgotten about, he's still shambling around as a hideous, disgusting and seriously pissed off reminder of what Willow did. Surely that makes things worse for her, not better? How can she move on with her life if Warren is still there to remind her at every turn what she did to him?

Posted by: sueworld2003 (sueworld2003)
Posted at: 19th October 2008 19:59 (UTC)

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 11:08 (UTC)

What I meant to say was: why is it OK to say about that particular plot point that it's so unbelievable that not only didn't it happen and we're free to make up our own story, but that anyone who actually takes the text at face value is stupid? Who's to say we can't do the same with every single plot point that we consider unbelievable?

You say Xander would never do that (with which I agree, btw) despite the fact that the text clearly says he did, and that other fans seem to think it's believable. Now, let's assume someone else says, for example, that Buffy wouldn't become an international supervillain willing to sacrifice people to maintain her power, and therefore it obviously didn't happen no matter what the text says - make up your own story of what the real Buffy is doing. How is that different?

Slippery slope and all that, I know...

Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 11:32 (UTC)

I have to apologize for the word "Stupid" because I didn't really intend to insult anyone. I just wanted to say that some fans make it sound like it's impossible for Xander and Dracula's storyline to actually happen when it's clearly easy to figure out when you think about it. We have our own versions of what had happened and no one's more valid than the other.

My argument was that "No, it's not impossible to see it as canon." Some fans believe that Xander went to Dracula on his free will, I don't. What I've seen in Wolves at the Gate suggests that Xander doesn't really like Dracula, which makes me believe that he was forced to stay with him against his will. Now the attachment is clear from Dracula's side, but it's not from Xander's. Why must I believe that Xander went there on his free will? Because Andrew the Storyteller said so? :)

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 11:55 (UTC)

Why must I believe that Xander went there on his free will?

You mustn't, any more than I must believe that Warren survived "Villains". ;-) But without Andrew's explanation, we have no explanation for the Xacula thing. And what's more: if there's not even a grain of truth in Andrew's Xacula exposition (as there usually was even in his *ahem* exaggerations post-"Storyteller" - his similar exposition on Faith in s7 or the Slayer spell in "Damage", for instance) then that entire scene serves no purpose* except to re-establish that Andrew's a lovable dork, which we already know. With so much story to tell on so few pages, why would Goddard (assuming he knows what he's doing) waste space to set up a misdirect that's never paid off within the story - ie we never get to know the "true" story to contrast Andrew's?

* Unless it's to a) set up a future plot twist about Andrew (say, that the entirety of s8 is his fanfic ;-) or that he's Twilight), or b) to point out that Andrew has regressed to the point where he can't be trusted to tell anything resembling the truth even about things that concern life and death, in which case one has to wonder why the hell the others trust him to do exactly that. But in either case, that would be a very vague hint since, like I said, his version is never actually contradicted by anyone or anything.

Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 12:13 (UTC)

any more than I must believe that Warren survived "Villains". ;-)

He didn't survive. Saying that "bored now" was the last thing he heard as a human suggests that he's dead as a human. So The First is able to take his form. I'm not sure what Warren is now, but whatever he is, he's clearly not human.

You make a good point about Andrew's scene being pointless. I guess it was just put for the laughs, making fans go "What the hell?!" and maybe some fans can take a few clues from it like Xander's grieving Anya led him to visit Dracula. As Stormwreath explained in his version of what happened:

"Xander going to Dracula and falling under his thrall for six months is the mystical metaphor (remember them? A 'Buffy' staple?) for someone reacting to grief by crawling inside a bottle of whiskey. He lost himself for six months in a drunken haze. Buffy, by contrast, seems to have reacted to her own grief a different way, by throwing herself obsessively into her work."

While I'm not sure, it'll be nice it the Andrew scene has some value to future development.

The reason why I don't believe Andrew is that Xander's reaction to Buffy and Willow suggesting he should go and get Dracula shows that he doesn't want to. He's ashamed and can't trust himself alone with Dracula. Why would someone like that write letters to someone he doesn't trust? It doesn't make sense. That's why I'm leaning toward the explanation that Xander was kidnapped. And any feelings of fondness are from Dracula's side, which was obvious, but I just didn't see anything from Xander. The last scene is actually amazing if you're a Xander fan, because it's a great conclusion to his buttmonkey arc with Dracula.

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 12:26 (UTC)

he's dead as a human.

Except that the word of Joss is that his death only lasted for... what was the latest bid, 1/40th of a second? If he's not "legally dead" after that, then he's just as alive as Buffy was from "Prophecy Girl" onwards, albeit with a magical pacemaker. But sure, if we ignore Joss and go by the actual text, then he could count as a zombie. I suppose we'll find out at some point when someone re-kills him.

Why would someone like that write letters to someone he doesn't trust? It doesn't make sense.

Oh, I agree, it makes no sense whatsoever for either character. But that's the story we're told. AFAIR, there's not a single hint in the text about him being kidnapped.

Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 15:02 (UTC)

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 19th October 2008 11:18 (UTC)

Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 20th October 2008 10:58 (UTC)

Posted by: StephenT (stormwreath)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 12:28 (UTC)

He's ashamed and can't trust himself alone with Dracula.

I don't think that rules out that he went to him voluntarily in the first place. Assuming Xander post-Chosen drove himself half-mad with grief and self-pity, he might well have made choices that now, looking back with hindsight, he bitterly regrets and is ashamed of.

After all, you'd feel the same way if you went on a 6-month drinking binge, wouldn't you?

Posted by: StephenT (stormwreath)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 12:23 (UTC)

Warren didn't survive 'Villains': he died and was brought back to life. :-)

And I trust you see the difference between something we're actually shown in the comics, and something that we're told at third-hand by a character with a history of being an unreliable narrator?

Now personally, I think that there must be a germ of truth in Andrew's story - that Xander was somehow complicit in the way he ended up with Dracula. Suicide by vampire, or subconscious deathwish leading to him being careless, or some quixotic plan to seek out the only other person who might remember Anya with fondness - whatever. But that truth is then filtered through Andrew's unique view of the world, and turned into a romantic fairytale.

The end result is that by letting Andrew the Storyteller be the one to give the exposition, we readers are left free to make up our own minds as to exactly how far we believe him, and how we explain what happened.

It's this evil thing Joss does, of giving us a sprinking of information and letting us make up our own minds, instead of taking us by the hand and leading us down every last byway of the story. Some people love it, others hate it and read After the Fall instead. :-)

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 12:52 (UTC)

Warren didn't survive 'Villains': he died and was brought back to life. :-)

According to word of Joss, he survived "Villains" in the sense that he was alive at the end of it (seeing as how it takes more than 1/40th of a second, or one second, or four seconds, or sixteen seconds, or whatever the latest bid is) from the scene where Willow kills him to the scene where Amy reads Willow's mind and magics him away at the exact split second Willow incinerates him without anyone noticing Bobby Ewing in the shower etc etc etc and finally until the episode ends).

And I trust you see the difference between something we're actually shown in the comics, and something that we're told at third-hand by a character with a history of being an unreliable narrator?

Unreliable? Yes. Utter complete liar with no concept of reality? Not after "Storyteller". Andrew embellishes, exaggerates, excuses; he doesn't invent.

Now personally, I think that there must be a germ of truth in Andrew's story - that Xander was somehow complicit in the way he ended up with Dracula

Which is exactly what I was arguing. Of course, whether that makes sense for the characters as presented in the TV series is another issue.

It's this evil thing Joss does, of giving us a sprinking of information and letting us make up our own minds

Sure. And believe me, I'm a huge fan of the unreliable narrator when it's done well. But good writers don't just use unreliable narrators so they don't have to come up with an exact story (ie lazy writing ;-) ). They do it to reflect something about the narrator - to make the telling of the story a plot point in itself. (Humbert Humbert's unreliability and constant subterfuge IS the plot of Lolita.) Of course, it's quite possible that it's nothing more than a character moment for Andrew - at least if we're supposed to think that the bare bones of Andrew's story are true. If they're not, then like I said, the scene is pointless.

Plus, of course, it's Stokerverse canon that you only enter Dracula's castle of your own free will. :-)

Posted by: StephenT (stormwreath)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 16:33 (UTC)

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 19th October 2008 11:06 (UTC)

Posted by: StephenT (stormwreath)
Posted at: 19th October 2008 19:16 (UTC)

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 20th October 2008 17:25 (UTC)

Posted by: ((Anonymous))
Posted at: 19th October 2008 17:31 (UTC)

Posted by: sueworld2003 (sueworld2003)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 20:58 (UTC)

126 Read Comments