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(Meta) "Risk the pain. It is your nature." - Buffy's character development over the series

24th September 2008 (19:59)
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When I read other people's comments and reviews of Buffy seasons, there's one particular complaint I see quite often, which honestly baffles me. Paraphrased, it boils down to "Buffy shows character flaws this season, just like she did in previous seasons, which is boring". Occasionally there's a variant, such as "Buffy is behaving exactly like she did in a previous season. This is lazy writing." Or sometimes, "Buffy is behaving completely differently to how she did in a previous season. This is lazy writing."

And so, after pulling my head off my desk and peeling my palm away from my face, I decided to write this. It's a season-by-season analysis of Buffy's character arc, aimed at showing how she develops from year to year, and how each season builds on the previous one.

Risk the pain. It is your nature.

Season 1: Rejection of responsibility

Buffy wishes she wasn't the Slayer. She hates the way it interferes with her attempts to lead a normal life and have fun with her friends. She would much rather pass the buck and let someone else do the Slaying. In the first episode, she claims to be retired; in the last she announces that she quits; and in between she asks Giles why he can't do it all instead of her.

Effect on her romantic life: When she tries to go on dates with cute boys, Slaying always gets in the way. Even Clark Kent had it better than this.

Resolution: When she goes to kill the Master even knowing she's walking to her death, she finally accepts her responsibilities in full.

"It wasn't our world anymore. They made it theirs. And they had fun. What are we gonna do?"
"What we have to."

Season 2: Resentment of destiny

Buffy has now resigned herself to being the Slayer, but she sees still it as something imposed on her from outside. She hates what it does to her life, and spends a lot of this season sulking and pouting. Magic and the supernatural are usually shown as an external force that intervenes and tries to ruin your life - just ask Ampata or Oz, let alone Angel.

Effect on her romantic life: The great love of her life is ruined by a stupid gypsy curse. Being the Slayer sucks.

Resolution: When she accepts that the strength that comes from being the Slayer is a fundamental part of her that no external force can take away.

"That's everything, huh? No weapons, no friends. No hope. Take all that away and what's left?"

Season 3: Rebellion against the rules

Buffy no longer questions her destiny as the Slayer; she even starts to enjoy the power it brings her. However, she feels oppressed by the burden of expectations that other people place on her because of it. So many of this season's stories revolve around authority figures and their attempts to control Buffy's activities - starting with 'Anne' onwards. The Mayor himself is a powerful government official; there's the Watchers' Council, Ms Post and Wesley; there's Principal Snyder; even Giles and Joyce are trying to regiment Buffy's life. As for her, part of her longs to rebel against it all. To revel in the benefits of being a Slayer, just like Faith does. However, her innate sense of responsibility eventually drives her to reject the more nihilistic and selfish side of Faith's approach to Slaying.

Effect on her romantic life: She still wants the romantic dream and a white wedding, but she's embarrassed to discover that the idea of wanting, taking and having turns her on as well.

Resolution: When she rejects both empty rebellion and blind obedience, and determines to forge her own path to the things she believes in. It's no coincidence that the final episode of the season is called 'Graduation Day'.

"Buffy, they're very firm. We're talking about laws that have existed longer than civilisation."
"I'm talking about watching my lover die. I have no clue what you're talking about and I do not care."
"The Council's orders are to --"
"Orders? I don't think I'm gonna be taking any more orders. Not from you. Not from them."

Season 4: Search for identity

Buffy may be determined to lead her own life, but she's still questioning exactly what form it should take. She's an adult now, away from the guidance of parent and Watcher, and she's feeling cast adrift, unsure what sort of a future she really wants. This season's antagonists are a roll-call of people pretending to be something they're not, faking their identity or stealing somebody else's: Kathy, Parker, Riley, Professor Walsh, Veruca, Tara, Faith, Giles (in 'A New Man'), Jonathan... while Adam by contrast is unnaturally certain of his own identity and place in life. Which direction will Buffy choose? (Note: I've written about all this in more detail here.)

Effect on her romantic life: Does she want a nice, normal man to be her safe, unthreatening boyfriend - or a cool monster hunter to be her comrade in arms? She can't decide,which kind of sucks for the guy...

Resolution: When she accepts that she's the Slayer, but not *just* the Slayer. It doesn't mean that she has to be alone; her friends and family are an essential part of her identity, and it's possible to combine the mundane and the supernatural parts of her life.

"The Slayer does not walk in the world."
"I walk. I talk. I shop. I sneeze. I'm gonna be a fireman when the floods roll back. There's trees in the desert since you moved out, and I don't sleep on a bed of bones. Now give me back my friends!"

Season 5: Death is your gift

Having decided that family and friends are what matters in her life, Buffy now has to face the downside: that opening herself up to others makes her vulnerable. Family can cause problems; family can be taken away from you. There's another, deeper fear, going back to Angel's death but given new strength when Riley leaves and Buffy suspects Glory is behind her mother's illness: that she herself drives people away. That being the Slayer makes her incapable of keeping the relationships she now knows are so important to her; that she is a dangerous person to get close to.

Effect on her romantic life: She pretty much gives up on romance this season. She wants to be self-sufficient, and to concentrate on looking after her family, and perhaps she's afraid of the consequences.

Resolution: When she decides that even if she can't live a normal life in the world, she can still use her Slayer gifts to protect and benefit her loved ones, one last time.

"Dawn, listen to me. Listen. I love you. I'll always love you. But this is the work I have to do. Tell Giles I... I figured it out. And I'm okay. Give my love to my friends. You have to take care of them now -- you have to take care of each other. You have to be strong. Dawn. The hardest thing in this world is to live in it. Be brave. Live. For me."

(Some people think 'The Gift' was the perfect ending for the series. I think it's exactly the wrong ending, which is why I'm so pleased it wasn't. Buffy decided that she couldn't be part of the world; that her heroic death was the best gift she could give her sister. If the hardest thing in this world is to live in it, Buffy failed that test. Luckily, thanks to Willow, she would have the chance to take a re-sit. In terms of Joseph Campbell's theories, 'The Gift' only marks the end of the second stage of Buffy's initiation as a hero; she still must face the Return From Death. Quite literally, in her case.)

Season 6: Life is the Big Bad

Heroic deaths are fine in fairy tales; in mundane reality, life goes on and there are always consequences. Buffy thought she could best help her friends by her self-sacrifice, by not being part of their lives anymore; but her friends disagree. Coupled with her clinical depression after being torn from heaven, Buffy now finds herself hating and rejecting everything in her life. And because she feels guilty about this, her sense of responsibility only leads to greater self-loathing.

Effect on her romantic life: Buffy turns to Spike because he's as far away from everything in her previous life as she can get. With him, she can forget whom she used to be for a time. Of course, this only feeds her self-disgust and need to punish herself more.

Resolution: When she realises that her life is worth living after all. That she can enjoy the company of her friends and her sister, and that there are things she wants to do to help them that don't involve her dying for them.

"Things have sucked lately, but it's all gonna change - and I want to be there when it does. I want to see my friends happy again. And I want to see you grow up. The woman you're going to become...Because she's going to be beautiful. And she's going to be powerful. I got it so wrong. I don't want to protect you from the world - I want to show it to you."

Season 7: It's about power

Buffy has re-engaged with her life. She's confident in her own power and identity as the Slayer, she's on good terms with her friends again. But that's all put to the test when she's landed with personal responsibility for other people's lives. With no training or experience - and very little support - she has to learn how to lead an 'army' of unwilling and scared teenage girls against an apparently unbeatable foe. So she makes mistakes. She cuts herself off emotionally to avoid being hurt by their inevitable deaths. She becomes hardened and ruthless, because she thinks it's the only way to win.

Effect on her romantic life: Buffy's ruthless pragmatism leads her to accept help from the man who recently almost raped her. While she eventually does come to trust Spike again and to rely on him, this only points up her self-isolation from her other friends and allies.

Resolution: When she accepts that she can't do everything herself, and that to lead other people successfully she has to trust them. She empowers the other Potentials, giving them the strength to make their own independent decisions and take control over their own destinies - which in turn, frees her to take control of her own.

"I hate this. I hate being here. I hate that you have to be here. I hate that there's evil, and that I was chosen to fight it. I wish, a whole lot of the time, that I hadn't been. I know a lot of you wish I hadn't been either. But this isn't about wishes. This is about choices. I believe we can beat this evil. Not when it comes, not when its army is ready. Now.

"Tomorrow morning I'm opening the Seal. I'm going down into the Hellmouth, and I'm finishing this once and for all. Right now you're asking yourself, 'What makes this different? What makes us anything more than a bunch of girls being picked off one by one?' It's true none of you have the power that Faith and I do. So here's the part where you make a choice.

"What if you could have that power...now? In every generation, one Slayer is born... because a bunch of men who died thousands of years ago made up that rule. They were powerful men. This woman is more powerful than all of them combined. So I say we change the rule. I say my power should be our power. Tomorrow, Willow will use the essence of the Scythe to change our destiny. From now on, every girl in the world who might be a Slayer, will be a Slayer. Every girl who could have the power, will have the power. Can stand up, will stand up.  Slayers... every one of us.

"Make your choice. Are you ready to be strong?"

Season 8: She's the general, we're the army

Buffy has learned to share her power and matured into an effective leader. She cares about the welfare of her followers, and in return they view her with a devotion bordering on hero-worship. But that brings its own dangers; Buffy is so focussed on her responsibility to the Slayers she leads she's becoming blinded to other concerns. Because she's convinced of their righteousness, she's coming to believe that anything that threatens her Slayers is bad, and anything that benefits them is good. She's never exactly shied away from ruthless acts or criminal behaviour if she believes it's necessary for the greater good; but now that she commands a loyal and well-equipped army of teenage superheroes, the stakes are far higher. When you're focussed on the big picture you don't care about the individual pixels.

Effect on her romantic life: Buffy is so distanced now from normal everyday people, and so intensely focussed on her responsibilities, that the only person she has room to form a romantic relationship with is a fellow-Slayer.

Resolution: We don't know yet.

"Here's the thing. She's alone. She's vulnerable. And she has the weight of the world on her slender shoulders. [...] You need to remember... she's not like us. She's the general. We're the army. And that's never gonna change. Also, she's not, you know..."
"A dyke?"
"I was gonna say 'friend of Sappho', but okay, whatever the kids are saying these days, I'm hip, I'm with it."


In conclusion, I think that Buffy's character shows a steady growth and progression over the seasons, with each development building firmly on those that came before. Of course, some things are consistent in Buffy's personality. She has a huge sense of responsibility; she may resent her duty sometimes, feel the urge to rebel against it, but in the end she'll always do what she thinks is right. She is not afraid to break the rules in order to win. She loves her family and friends, but also feels separated from them by the weight of her destiny.

And she tends to feel that the world and all its problems revolve around her - but considering that the world she lives in is usually called the Buffyverse, she may actually be correct in that belief...



Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 12:13 (UTC)

any more than I must believe that Warren survived "Villains". ;-)

He didn't survive. Saying that "bored now" was the last thing he heard as a human suggests that he's dead as a human. So The First is able to take his form. I'm not sure what Warren is now, but whatever he is, he's clearly not human.

You make a good point about Andrew's scene being pointless. I guess it was just put for the laughs, making fans go "What the hell?!" and maybe some fans can take a few clues from it like Xander's grieving Anya led him to visit Dracula. As Stormwreath explained in his version of what happened:

"Xander going to Dracula and falling under his thrall for six months is the mystical metaphor (remember them? A 'Buffy' staple?) for someone reacting to grief by crawling inside a bottle of whiskey. He lost himself for six months in a drunken haze. Buffy, by contrast, seems to have reacted to her own grief a different way, by throwing herself obsessively into her work."

While I'm not sure, it'll be nice it the Andrew scene has some value to future development.

The reason why I don't believe Andrew is that Xander's reaction to Buffy and Willow suggesting he should go and get Dracula shows that he doesn't want to. He's ashamed and can't trust himself alone with Dracula. Why would someone like that write letters to someone he doesn't trust? It doesn't make sense. That's why I'm leaning toward the explanation that Xander was kidnapped. And any feelings of fondness are from Dracula's side, which was obvious, but I just didn't see anything from Xander. The last scene is actually amazing if you're a Xander fan, because it's a great conclusion to his buttmonkey arc with Dracula.

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 12:26 (UTC)

he's dead as a human.

Except that the word of Joss is that his death only lasted for... what was the latest bid, 1/40th of a second? If he's not "legally dead" after that, then he's just as alive as Buffy was from "Prophecy Girl" onwards, albeit with a magical pacemaker. But sure, if we ignore Joss and go by the actual text, then he could count as a zombie. I suppose we'll find out at some point when someone re-kills him.

Why would someone like that write letters to someone he doesn't trust? It doesn't make sense.

Oh, I agree, it makes no sense whatsoever for either character. But that's the story we're told. AFAIR, there's not a single hint in the text about him being kidnapped.

Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 15:02 (UTC)

I'm not really sure about what Joss said about Warren. I answered from what I understood from the story. Did Joss say that Amy brought him back to life? That's true and supported by the text, but I don't think "alive" means "human". Something magical is keeping Warren walk and talk if he's still human. Other than that, he could be as you said a zombie. Kinda like those in The Zeppo.

But that's the story we're told.

By Andrew, thank God. :) I do believe it's a chicken move to have Andrew tell the story so we won't take him seriously. It would have been funnier if we were shown how Xander ended up at Dracula's place.


What does that mean? *grin*

Posted by: Beer Good (beer_good_foamy)
Posted at: 19th October 2008 11:18 (UTC)

I'm not really sure about what Joss said about Warren.

See mine and stormwreath's discussion here. Basically, Joss has said that Warren was dead, which essentially means that he no longer is. Zombies aren't alive, any more than vampires are.

By Andrew, thank God.

And like I said somewhere else, I think it's a bit cheap to take that to mean that that scene is completely pointless and that we can write off everything Andrew says as being 100% fictitious - let alone to state that that's the ONLY possible interpretation. If you look at his other "stories" post-"Storyteller", he may embellish and romanticize, but he doesn't make up something completely false.

ANDREW: I'm not. This is true. Except for that...possible...word misunderstanding. They're the things you need to know about. Faith...has a history not to be taken lightly. She's a killer. Never forget that. You must stay on guard around Faith at all times. Your very lives may depend on it.

You're the one who says Season 8 is so very well-written. Assuming Goddard is halfway competent, which we know he is, he put that scene in there for a reason. If it's a complete lie, it's pointless.

What does that mean?

As Far As I Recall. :-)

Posted by: lusciousxander (lusciousxander)
Posted at: 20th October 2008 10:58 (UTC)

You're the one who says Season 8 is so very well-written.

It is well written. I also say that S5 is well written but then suddenly Olaf became a god in The Gift. *winks* Well written doesn't mean perfect.

Assuming Goddard is halfway competent, which we know he is, he put that scene in there for a reason. If it's a complete lie, it's pointless.

The scene might be pointless to me because my version of what had happened has nothing of what Andrew said. However, it is not pointless to some fans. For example, Stormwreath's version has some of what Andrew said. It depends on your version of what had happened.

Posted by: StephenT (stormwreath)
Posted at: 18th October 2008 12:28 (UTC)

He's ashamed and can't trust himself alone with Dracula.

I don't think that rules out that he went to him voluntarily in the first place. Assuming Xander post-Chosen drove himself half-mad with grief and self-pity, he might well have made choices that now, looking back with hindsight, he bitterly regrets and is ashamed of.

After all, you'd feel the same way if you went on a 6-month drinking binge, wouldn't you?

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